Katandra Bushland Sanctuary is an area designated for the conservation of its native flora and fauna typical of the Hawkesbury Sandstone country. During a two-year period (March 1998 – April 2000) a study undertaken by Mr George Hangay was carried out in order to survey the fauna of the sanctuary. Excerpts from that study are given here with Mr Hangay’s kind permission.

Four classes of vertebrates are represented in the Sanctuary: mammals (Mammalia), birds (Aves), reptiles (Reptilia) and amphibians (Amphibia). To the visitors birds are the most conspicuous forms of animal life in the Sanctuary as many species can be seen even during a short walk. On sunny days a number of reptiles can also be encountered. Most of the mammals and amphibians in the Sanctuary are nocturnal.

Mammals (Mammalia)

Common Echidna Tachyglossus aculeatus
Brown antechinus Antechinus stuartii
Spotted quoll Dasyurops maculatus
Long-nosed bandicoot Parameles nasuta
Brush-tailed possum Trichosurus vulpecula
Ring-tailed possum Pseudocheirus peregrinus
Eastern pigmy-possum Cercartetus nanus

Sugar glider Petaurus breviceps
Feathertail glider Acrobatus pygmaeus
Bush rat Rattus fuscipes
Swamp rat Rattus lutreolus
Grey-headed fruit bat Pteropus poliocephalus
Swamp wallaby Wallabia bicolor

Birds (Aves)

Birds regularly seen in the sanctuary are included in the following list. Some are resident and some are nomadic so will be seen at different times of the year.

Superb lyrebird
Rufous fantail
Eastern yellow robin
Golden whistler
Red-browed fire-tail
White-eared honeyeater
Brown thornbill
Grey butcherbird
Yellow-faced honey eater
Sacred kingfisher
Eastern spinebill
Little wattlebird
Fan-tailed cuckoo
Pied currawong
Rainbow lorikeet
Eastern rosella
New Holland honeyeater
Noisy Miner
Brown treecreeper
Boobook owl
Australian Magpie Lark (Peewee)
Grey fantail

Grey thrush
Eastern whipbird
Buff-rumped thornbill
White-browed scrub
Red-whiskered bulbul
Tawny frogmouth

Red wattlebird
Spotted pardalote
Laughing kookaburra
Black-faced cuckoo-shrike
Willie wagtail
Superb blue wren
Jacky winter
Dollar bird
Australian raven (crow)
Variegated wren
Cicada bird

Reptiles (Reptilia)

Long-necked tortoise Chelodina longicollis
Southern leaf-tailed gecko Phyllurus platurus
Burton’s snake lizard Lialis burtonis
Bearded dragon Amphibolorus barbatus
Jacky lizard Amphibolorus muricatus
Eastern water dragon Physignathus leuseurii
Heath monitor Varanus rosenbergi
Lace monitor Varanus varius

Copper-tailed skink Ctenotus taeniolatus
Skink Ctenotus robustus
White’s skink Egernia whitii
Eastern water skink Eulamprus quoyii
Eastern blue-tongued lizard Tiliqua scincoides
Carpet python Morelia spilota
Golden crowned snake Cacophis squamulosus
Red-bellied black-snake Pseudechis porphyriacus

Amphibians (Amphibia)

Spotted grass frog Limnodynastes tasmaniensis
Common eastern froglet Crinia signifera

Freycinet’s frog Litoria freycineti
Lesueur’s frog Litoria lesueuri


A display of some of the insect specimens collected during the fauna survey can be seen on display in the yurt. However, a great percentage of the invertebrate fauna found in Katandra remains "invisible" to the casual observer. Many species are minute, cryptic and/or nocturnal.

The bio-mass of the small organisms, which live in the soil and leaf litter, in decaying wood and in the foliage outweighs the bio-mass of the vertebrate animals. Their presence and survival is vital for the biological balance of the Sanctuary.
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